Joint Operating Agreements
Risk Control for the Non-Operator, Second Edition
Joint operating agreements (JOAs) are well-accepted standard agreements in the oil and gas industry which regulate the relationship between the parties to a joint venture: the operator and the non-operator. Traditionally, the operator is responsible for performing operations on behalf of the consortium, while the non-operator is responsible for contributing to the financial commitments of the joint venture. However, due to the strong position typically maintained by the operator, this structure does not always accurately reflect the non-operator’s position. Unbalanced agreements can create uncertainty, increase the risk of litigation and even jeopardise the very existence of the consortium. This fully updated second edition provides an in-depth analysis of the JOA from the perspective of the non-operator.